How are supplements like heroin?

How are supplements like heroin?

I see a lot of infections in intravenous drug users. It is not a healthy lifestyle, filled with numerous behaviors that put the patient at risk for infection.

Heroin, for example, is a rich microbiologic stew.

Aerobic endospore-forming bacteria (Bacillus spp. and Paenibacillus macerans) were the predominant microflora isolated and at least one species was isolated from each sample. B. cereus was the most common species and was isolated from 95% of all samples, with B. licheniformis isolated from 40%. Between one and five samples yielded cultures of B. coagulans, B. laterosporus, B. pumilus, B. subtilis and P. macerans. Staphylococcus spp. were isolated from 23 (40%) samples; S. warneri and S. epidermidis were the most common and were cultured from 13 (22%) and 6 (10%) samples respectively. One or two samples yielded cultures of S. aureus, S. capitis and S. haemolyticus. The remainder of the flora detected comprised two samples contaminated with C. perfringens and two samples with either C. sordellii or C. tertium. Multiple bacterial species were isolated from 43 (74%) samples, a single species from the remaining 15. In 13 samples B. cereus alone was isolated, in one B. subtilis alone and in one sample B. pumilus alone.

I do not say that heroin is contaminated. It is not like the producers of the product are that interested in producing a safe, sterile product. Heroin is a natural product, and nature is chockablock full of bacteria.

Supplements are often advertised as natural and, like nature, can contain bacteria and mold.

Nature Made supplements pulled its products

"out of an abundance of caution due to potential salmonella or staphylococcus aureus contamination"

It happens.

These supplements were also evaluated for microbial contamination, and most samples analyzed showed the presence of bacteria or fungi or both. Microbes were not counted nor were microbial counts determined in these samples.

and happens

Potentially toxigenic molds were found in alfalfa, coriander, echinacea, garlic, ginkgo, juniper, licorice, psyllium and St. John's wort supplements. The most common fungi were aspergilli, followed by eurotia, penicillia and yeasts. Alternaria alternata, Fusarium, Cladosporium, Rhizopus and Phoma spp. were isolated less frequently.

and happens

New England Greens of Canaan, CT, is recalling certain lots of dietary supplements because the organic parsley leaf powder used to manufacture them has been recalled for potential Salmonella contamination.

and happens

Results showed that a high percentage of the MT samples tested were contaminated with fungi.

I am not surprised. Heroin, milk thistle, garlic, or parsley. It is going to contain micro-organisms. That the way of the world; everything is covered with a layer of bacteria and fungi.

Bacterial contamination occurs in pharmaceutical products as well. Unlike the big pharma industry, supplement makers may not start with a safe product and the FDA has no oversight before there is a problem. It is

these firms (that) are responsible for evaluating the safety and labeling of their products before marketing ...the FDA is responsible for taking action against any adulterated or misbranded dietary supplement product after it reaches the market.

So supplements do have a little more quality control than heroin but only when it is too late.

Points of Interest 06/15/2016
Points of Interest 06/14/2016

Related Posts